PTE Essay Writing 2019

Latest PTE Essay Writing with Answers 2019

1.Company’s top level authorities should get their employees in decision making process. Discuss.(298 words)

Decision making and changing policies in a company are crucial part and only senior executives are allowed to do that. Deploying employees in decision making can be risky.Some people think thatemployees should be utilized to do what they are initially hired to do,while others argue thatthe employees should be included in decision making process.I am inclined to believe thatdirect involvement of employees in decision making will have negative consequences and will bring down the company business.The following paragraphs will analyzethe impacts of allowing employees in decision making processand suggesthow the senior management can take employees’ views and ideas in decision making.

First of all, though the employees are more in numbers in comparison with top level management people and are playing active role in achieving company’s goals and objectives, they cannot be allowed to get rights in policies and decision making.For instance,many industries are facing problems and struggling to run successfully because of employee unions which influence the management to change the policies.

Second of all,due to less experience, there is a likelihood of misusing company policies and employees can take the decisions for their personal benefits that may damage company’s reputation. However their contribution to management in a form of ideas and opinions can be taken to consider in decision making.For example,many corporate companies conduct surveys among employees to get their suggestions before taking any policy change.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view thatthe involvement of higher authorities in decision making process and employees’ help to decision makers will definitely keep the organization as a shooting star in the market.Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact andthey should work for organizational growth.

2.Some people think law changes our behavior. Discuss.(285 words)

Law means a body of rules and regulations used by the government to ensure peace and harmony among people. The functions of law vary for different societies or countries.Some people think thatstrictly and continuously following the law will become a habit and affect behavior of people, while others argue thatit is mandatory and helps in smooth functioning of the government by controlling the behavior of people. I am inclined to believe thatit assists the government by controlling and eliminating bad attitudes and activities of peopleto create a disciplined environment. The following paragraphs will analyze the good impacts of imposinglaws to change people’s behaviorand suggestthe people should have awareness about the benefits and useful implications of following them.

First of all,we follow rules in a fear of punishments without even realizing their benefits.For instance,wearing helmet or wearing seatbelt while driving vehicles and obeying traffic signals are made compulsory by the government. Though we know very well that these traffic laws areimportant to protect and save our lives from accidents, we started following obediently, after fines were introduced for breaking these laws.

Second of all,some people without moral responsibility can be controlled only by imposingstrict punishments. For example,illegal activities such as damaging public properties, theft andthreatening to public lives should be brought under criminal laws with strong punishments. Otherwise, their behaviors cannot be regulated and eliminated.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view thatthe laws with punishments are strongly believed to change behavior of people.Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and they should obey the laws for smooth functioning of the society.

3.The environment we live in is in dangerdue to various problems. What are the underlying causes? Who is responsible to combat this? What measures?(287 words)

A clean habit and disciplined environment make people live pleasant life. It is undeniable that the environment is an important factor that influences our thoughts and behaviors. But the society we live in is in danger now due to many issues. The following paragraphs will analyze the problems and causes and suggest the measures to take to rectifythemto turn our environment with peace and clean.

First of all, the younger generations are susceptible to have bad habits because of there is no strict rules and regulations with strong punishments. For instance, though there is a law prohibiting smoking in public places, we can see many people smoking in public areas. This causes school children and college students start smoking without knowing the perils of bad habits. Furthermore, the youngsters will think that they have autonomy to change the society that will damage the reputation of the society.

Second of all, the fast moving lifestyles and busy schedules make us forgetting about our health. For example, we live in a modern world that has a culture of eating fast food, unhealthy food and living in polluted environment. Due to this, the chronic diseases such as cancer, heart attack and diabetes increase. We should spend valuable time in our life to think about our health and environment and should come forward to put into actions to have a healthy and clean environmental life.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view thatwe are responsible for these unfortunates. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the factand collectively they should take steps to eliminate them by enforcing strict laws with strong punishments and encouraging others to followingthem for their betterments in life.

4.In education system, assessment through formal written examination still valid? (298 words)

Students can be evaluated using different methods such as writing exams, presenting projects and practical works.Some people think thatthe written examination is a valid method to assesswhether the student is eminently prepared for future career,while others argue thatthe student should have knowledgeand skillto apply in the field which comes through practical works and projects. I am inclined to believe thatthe written examination system is only valid system to test student’s ability and knowledge. The following paragraphs will analyze the values of written examination and suggestits importance in education system.

First of all,nobody can help students in writing exams.So the marks attained in these exams help the teacher to know student’s intelligence, grasping power, understanding and writing skill. Furthermore, this system provides information to both teacher and student about where the student is weak and what kind of approach should be taken. Based on that, extra classes can be arranged for weak students.For instance, many international universities give high priority written examination system.

Second of all, many parents often help their children to complete the homework and it has become a tendency to students to depend on others to finish their assignments that causesthem to copy from fellow students sometimes. So the students will not care about knowledge of subjects. Finally a glut of graduates through this system will struggle to find jobs that will hamper the growth of the society.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view thatwritten examination is the only best way to assess student’s strength and weakness and help the studentto improve fromshortcomings.Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the factandshould support the importance of written examinationmethod in the education system.

5.Large shopping malls are replacing small shops. Your opinion? Good or bad(291 words)

Today we are living in a modern world and shopping has become essential activity in our life. In this fast moving lifestyle, many people prefer shopping in large malls than in small shops.Some people think thatthe mall culture should replace small shops, while others argue thatthe small shops are important and we should not encourage mall culture diminishing small shops.I am inclined to believe thata big shopping mall has many facilities and options than small shops.The following paragraphs will analyze the advantages of shopping mallsand suggest its necessityto people.

First of all, purchasing everything under one roof with all facilities is one of the major features particularly in cities for people who go for shopping. Additionally, it saves time, energy and money to busy people.For instance,a large shopping mall has garments, groceries, banks, pharmacies, cinemas, food courts, and restaurants and this establishment makes people feel more comfortable. Furthermore, it provides large parking spaces, lavatories, air-conditioning, and entertainment areas which make them much more desirable than small shops.

Second of all,it is undeniable and proven that mall culture is good for economy as it can generate more employment opportunities than small shops. For example,a big shopping mall with many shops have helpdesk people, salespersons, marketing executives, housekeeping employees, electricians, plumbers, event management employees, security officials, drivers, store keepers and managers. Conversely the small shop has limited job opportunities.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view thata large shopping mall has lot of benefits than small shops. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the factandshould support the mall culture which helps to improve our country economy.

6. Nowadays, people spend too much time at work to the extent that they hardly have time for their personal life. Discuss.(297 words)

In this modern and competitive world, people are always busy at their work and forgetting their families. Some people think that they have born to work and have no time to relax, while others argue that personal life is important than work. I am inclined to believe that people should spend some time for their personal life and they should know the concept of work-life balance. The following paragraphs will analyze theimpacts of being workaholic and suggest the people should take a break in work and spend some time with their family.

First of all, if we work for longtime, it will create negative implications in our physical and mental health. Many people think that spending more time at work will show them that they are hard workers. Nevertheless this will cause not only stress, fatigue, frustration, body pain and other health issues, but also relationship break in personal life. For instance, more than 20% of divorce cases filed in family courts by partners are due to they donot find time to spend each other in this fast moving lifestyle.

Second of all,in personal life, wife and then kids require love and care. It is highly unfair for a person who does not give time and attention to his spouse and children and spends more time at work. Nonetheless, many people think that working hard and earning more money is the only way to become successful inlife.For example, if we walk on the streets with lot of IT firms and accountancy companies after 10 PM, we can see the windows of these companies are always lighting.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view of an adage that a person who chased two rabbits would catch none.Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of theconcept of work-life balance and spend some time for their personal life.

7. It is foolish to get married before completing your studies and getting established in a good job.Do you agree or disagree? (281words)

In this modern and competitive world, people are always striving to make an excellent career to become a prominent part of our society. Once the career is stable then to live a happy married life will be easier because most of the necessities will be covered which require money. Some people think thatgetting marriedduring studies is beneficial because that supports studies and establishes a healthy career, while others argue thatmarried life to student is a hindrance to studies. I am inclined to believe that it is beneficial to complete studies and have a steady job before getting married. The following paragraphs will analyze the cons of getting married before finishing academic life and suggestto get marry after studies to become an eminent person among others.

First of all, getting married during academic life is difficult to concentrate on studies. Marriage adds additional responsibilities, which cannot be avoided. For instance,in married life, wife and then kids require love and care. It is highly unfair for a person who does not give time and attention to his spouse and children and looks forward for his academic development.

Second of all,married life prohibits the earlier development of career which requires a person has to travel to different locations. For example, if the spouse and kids are dependent, it will be tough to be flexible to cater to the demands of workplace.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view of anadage that a person who chased two rabbits would catch none.Further it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact andmust first settle in their career life before marriage to become eminent person among others.

8.Talk about the pros and cons of this era as it is full of daily inventions (278 words)

Our ancestors are believed to have lived their lives under the control of nature. Now technology is driving our life. It is playing pivotal role in shaping our life.Some people thinkthat life updated with inventions is more comfortable, while others argue that pitfalls of these inventions will bring misery. I am inclined to believe thatour sophisticated life by daily inventions will become miserable. The following paragraphs will analyze the pros and cons of new inventions and suggest that our life should have more control in our hand than fully depending on technologies.

First of all,people’s life today has been tremendously affected by computer. Computer is used in every aspect of human life from reading newspapers, booking tickets, purchasing favorite products to automation in industries. Nevertheless, looking at other side, there has been rise in cybercrimes such as hacking, copyright infringement and financial fraud.For instance,companies such as eBay, Target, and Sony had faced huge drop in sales due to cyber-attacks in their business.

Second of all, the introduction of new cost efficient farming methods in agriculture have replaced dozens of human workers and yielded high production. Nonetheless, the negative side effects of adapting these techniques have resulted in environmentalpollution and extinction of ecosystems. For example, due to usage of highly contaminated chemical fertilizers in soil the underground water is heavily polluted.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view thatthough new inventions are essential for certain activities, depending on them for everyday life will put us at a considerable risk.Further it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and use them eminently for their betterments in life.

9. Any recent invention that you think proved beneficial or detrimental to society (296 words)

Our ancestors are believed to have lived their lives under the control of nature. Now computer technology is driving our life. It is playing pivotal role in shaping our life.Some people thinkthat life updated with computer is more comfortable, while others argue that pitfalls of this invention will bring misery. I am inclined to believe that our sophisticated life by the influence of computer will become miserable. The following paragraphs will analyze the pros and cons of computer and suggest that our life should have more control in our hand than fully depending on it.

First of all,people’s life today has been tremendously affected by computer. Computer is used in every aspect of human life from reading newspaper, booking tickets, purchasing favourite products to automation in industries. Nevertheless, looking at other side, there has been rise in cybercrimes such as hacking, copyright infringement and financial fraud.For instance,companies such as eBay, Target, and Sony had faced huge drop in sales due to cyber-attacks in their business.

Second of all, this machine automates the process and replaces dozens of human work. Thus makes companies think economically of reducing manual works. Consequently this will lead to unemployment and a glut of graduates will be unable to find their jobs which will hamper the growth of the society. For example, modernization in agriculture sector has made many people migrate to nearby cities for their employment and caused increase in crime rates in those cities.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view thatthough computer is an essential for certain activities, depending on it for everyday life will put us at a considerable risk. Further it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and use computer eminently for their betterments in life.

10. Imitating celebrities in sports & movies good or bad(290 words)

Hero worship is in our blood.There is no doubt celebrities are more famous for their glamour and wealth rather than their personal achievement.Some people think that following heroes blindly will lead to bad effect, while others argue thatthe real outstanding performance of celebrities should be looked than their lavish lifestyles. I am inclined to believe that some of them reached great achievements due to their hard work and effort. The following paragraphs will analyze the good and bad of copying celebrities and suggest that people should follow them by looking their professional achievements.

First of all, many famous people have become popular due to their fancy and wasteful lifestyles. In fact their performance is below the average. But they will attract people by showing their wealth and glamorous lifestyles. For instance, Kim Kardashianis famous for her reality show, where as it mostly shows her luxurious parties and garments and less of her acting.

Second of all, there are some super heroes who have become popular by their incredible and excellent performance. These people have shown to the world that they have reached the top of the success by dint ofstrong determination, dedication, diligence and hard work. For example, the legendary England football team captain David Beckham said in his biography that though he had faced hardship in his childhood, he became good admiring player only by his consistent hard work.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view thatthough some celebrities are misleading people by showing their lavish lifestyles, there are some star performers who have become famous by their hard work. Further it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and choose their role model based on the real performance.

11. In the past 100 years there have been many inventions such as antibiotics airplanes and computers. What are the greatest inventions of the 20th century among medicine, aero plane and computers, why? (292 words)

In this modern world our life has been changed rapidly for centuries by many inventions. Some people think that airplane is a great invention which changed our life, while others argue that antibiotics in medical research are the best invention. I am inclined to believe that the advent of computer is the most revolutionary invention than others. The following paragraphs will analyze its advantages and suggest that computer is the most important invention in the world.

First of all,people’s life today has been tremendously changed by computer. Computer is used in every aspect of human life. For instance, earlier people used to go to market to buy newspaper, groceries, vegetables and garments. Now they can buy using computer from their home itself. Moreover, they can use computer to consult with doctors and lawyers without visiting their workplaces. People can communicate with their friends and relatives who livein other part of the world through online chatting and video conferencing in computer. Sometimes it can be used by children to play games and watch movies.

Second of all, computers are used in many fields such as medical research, aerospace, education, banking, defense and entertainment.  For example, the invention of antibiotics in medical research was done eminently using computers. Airline companies and air traffic control systems are using computers to monitor and guide the airplane. Computers are used to launch and control satellites and missiles in defence sector. Students can attain international degrees by connecting to foreign universities through computer and learn the courses.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that computers are the greatest invention of all time. Further it is expected that the people make cognizance of the factthat a life without computers is like a rose without petals.

12. Information revolution has changed the way of mass communications and had some negative and positive effects on individual lives as well as on society. To what extend do you agree or disagree?(293 words)

Ancient people used stones, birds and animals as medium of communication. But in this modern world, the advent of information technology has tremendously changed the way of communication, particularly, mass communication among people. Some people think that the new technologies and innovations have improved the mass communication positively, while others argue that the way of communication nowadays we have had negative influences in our life. I am inclined to believe that the mass communication is playing pivotal role in our life by updating important information and becoming a source of entertainment. The following paragraphs will analyze the positive influences of mass communication and suggest how these influences can be utilized effectively.

First of all, people can gather news of science, economy, environment and politics through mass communication from any corner of the world immediately and potential information help them to develop their knowledge and wealth. For instance, investors and shareholders in share market are relying on suggestions given by international trade analysts on TV and internet to decide about their investment. Politicians are using mass communication media in their election campaign to make people cast their vote in favour of them.

Second of all, though it is undeniable that some programs in mass communication influence people negatively, they provide good company and entertainment to some people who do not work like housewives and retired employees. For example, the advertisement programs on TV help them to choose their best option in life. Further, the serials and dramas provide fun and relaxation to senior citizens.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that people’s life today has been positively influenced by mass communication. Further, it is expected that people make cognizance of the fact and use the mass communication for their betterments in life.

13.Learning a new language at an early age is helpful for children. Is it more positive for their future aspect or have some adverse effects. Agree or disagree?(286 words)

In this modern and competitive world, everybody should have extra skills. Learning new language at an early age is surely helpful. Some people think that knowing extra language at initial stage has a greater advantage, while others argue that foreign language should be taught to children at elder stage. I am inclined to believe that primary school is the best place for learning another language than secondary school. The following paragraphs will analyze the advantages of learning foreign language at primary level and suggestthe importance of enhancing children’s language abilities at an early age.

First of all, the subjects taught at primary school are remembered for long time by children. So it is an ideal stage to learn a new language, which can be remembered for long time. For instance, many people still remember the rhymes and stories learnt at childhood. However, people tend to forget the lessons taught at secondary school.

Second of all, though it is undeniable that knowing foreign language opens door for new career opportunities and also provides some economic benefits, learning extra language at secondary level is undue burden to students. Students should concentrate more on mathematics and science subjects to decide their future career at secondary school level. For example, students can choose their course to become a doctor or an engineer based on the grade in subjects and learning language at this stage is a hindrance.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that learning a newlanguage at primary level is better than secondary level for their future aspect. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and they will help their children to enhance language abilities at primary level.

14.In under developed countries, tourism has disadvantages and can be said the opposite as well. (286 words)

Tourism means visiting different places for leisure, relaxation, fun and enjoyment. Nowadays tourism is a crucial industry, particularly, in under developed countries. Some people think that tourism in underdeveloped countries has many disadvantages, while others argue that there are more advantages. I am inclined to believe that tourism industry brings significant benefits to under developed nations. The following paragraphs will analyze its advantages and suggest the importance of this industry to those nations.

First of all, tourism helps to boost the economy in terms of development of infrastructure and employment.Every country wants to become economically stronger. As under developed country’s economy is not much stronger as compared with developed nations, their tourism can support to boost their economy. The visits of tourists from different countries will increase the flow of money by foreign exchange and need of infrastructure development such as hotels, restaurants, transport and entertainment. This results in a considerable number of jobs being created for people.For instance, In Nepal, the largest industry is tourism, which is the source of main revenue.

Second of all, tourism industry is called a green industry, unlike other industries, generates low level of pollution. Moreover, it influences local people to learn foreign languages and cultures. For example, in many countries, tourism industry requires to keep clean for attracting more foreign nationals.Further, in order to help tourists, local people have become guides by learning their languages and cultures.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that tourism is the most important industry in under developed countries to boost economy and environment. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the factthat tourism has more advantages in under developed nations.

15.Communication has changed significantly in the last 10 years. discuss pros and cons. (282 words)

Ancient people used stones, birds and animals as medium of communication. But in this modern world, it is obvious fact that the advent of information technology has changed the way of communication among people. The types of communication have been affected tremendously in the last decade.Some people think that the new technologies and innovations have improved the communication positively, while others argue that the way of communication nowadays we have had negative influences in our life. This essay will elaborate on both ideas and come to a logical conclusion.

On one hand, people had used frequently social gatherings to meet their friends, relatives and neighbors. Postal and telegram services had been used for business communication. Thanks to modern techniques which have enabled people to interact with each other andshare information quickly and efficiently. For instance, different ways of communication such as online chatting, sharing text messages, emails and video conferencing in social and business life have enhanced the quality and effectiveness in communication.

On the other hand, due to the increased use of mobile phones and social networks, there is a significant reduction in direct or face to face interactions among people that have negatively affected the quality of human relationships.For example, it has become a modern day tendency among young people to make friends online without seeing them really. This virtual relationshipis poor substitute for real friendship.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that communication among people has been changed both positively and negatively in the last 10 years with the advent of advanced technologies. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the factanduse technologies to communicate in correct way.

16..Self-motivation&self-practice helps to achieve success or class room training will help to success(256 words)

Self-motivation and self-practice are more powerful drivers of learning and achievement. Some people think that in this competitive world, these qualities are important factors to become successful in education, while others argue that the class room training is enoughto put solid foundation for success. I am inclined to believe that the self-motivation and perseverance play vital role in student’s long term success and productivity. The following paragraphs will analyze their impacts and suggesttheir importance in education system.

First of all, many children are naturally reluctant to learn. Earlier, punishment based discipline system and later reward based extrinsic motivation were used to overcome this. However, these systems failed to promote deeper or meta-level learning.  Once the prize has been achieved, students will no longer retain the knowledge. Thereforeintrinsic motivation is required to create a genuine interest in the goal. For instance, a research conducted in the Netherlands suggested that self-motivated students work to higher standards than others.

Second of all, though academic training helps to understand basic principles and practices, it limits students to think out of box. Conversely self-practicehelps to learn many things and opens door to imagination and creativity. For example,thoughThomas Alva Edison was a school dropout person, he invented electric bulb by dint of strong perseverance and reflective practice.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that self-motivation and self-practice areessential to achieve success in education. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and support the intrinsic motivation and reflective practice.

17.The only thing that interferes with my learning is my education-Einstein. What does he mean by that? and do you think he is correct? (298 words)

Education is to acquire knowledge, skills, habits, values and beliefs. Albert Einstein mentioned that the education had restricted him to think out of box, while others argue that Einstein was exceptional and education is necessary to have basic knowledge to survive in this world. I am inclined to believe that the education is about molding the future of each individual. The following paragraphs will analyze the impacts of education and suggest the necessity of having basic education in our life.

First of all, since historical time the scope of education was confined to learn and understand from textbooks. This limited the doors of imagination and creativity. So the genius student went out of this formally designed pattern and developed his thought process through imagination and practical experience. For instance, Albert Einstein, Henry Ford and Thomas Alva Edison were school dropouts, but excel in their life with many inventions and discoveries.

Second of all, although it is undeniable the education was hindrance for genius to reach maximum potential, we cannot expect that all students would be as capable as Einstein. So it is really essential to go to school to learn and understand basic principles and practices. Furthermore, the education has undergone a lot of changes now in order to enhance cognitive abilities of the students. For example, in Stanford University, usually a mentor is assigned to few students, who would not interfere in the learning process of the students and merely assist them by sharing their experiences.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the present education system has evolved from its traditional approach. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and use this education system to bring the best of talents to the world.

To begin with, education grooms an individual into a desirable person. It gives a person the knowledge to differentiate between the good and bad. It promotes logical thinking and planning which is a need of today’s competitive world. Most importantly, it makes an individual with degrees marketable and opens avenues of employment. Hence, to get the desired job, one needs to be educated.

Nevertheless, education can be a barrier in the life of many. It has become so competent that children study for hours after school and hence do not get time to play or learn other activities. Due to lack of time to play they do not learn social skills like making friends, team spirit, sharing. Singing ,dancing and painting are activities that help an individual develop confidence, overcome stage fear, cognitive skills etc that education does not teach them. Secondly, education teaches a person to think in a particular frame. He loses his problem solving capacity as he follows the rules and concepts taught to him. Furthermore, many people feel dissatisfied with their work. For example, engineers who are interested in painting, are not able to pursue it as a career due to lack of time in developing the skills as today’s education permits no leisure time.

To conclude, I agree with the statement made by Einstein- Education is the biggest barrier in my learning. The government today should improvise the educational system so that children can make complete utilization of their skills and develop new skills.

18. The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn. Agree or disagree? (298 words)

Today we are living in a competitive world where the changes occur rapidly with help of advanced technologies. So it has become necessary to adapt new skills and dump the obsolete. Some people think that the knowledge acquired through the formal education is enough to survive in the world, while others argue that it is mandatory to continuously update our knowledge to pace with evolution. I am inclined to believe that upgrading our skills with this changing environment will keep us in a prominent part of the society. The following paragraphs will analyze the importance of streamlining the knowledge and suggest the new definition of literacy is open to learn, unlearn and relearn.

First of all, the new smart systems introduced in many fields have replaced manpower with machines and as a customer we should learn to use it. Otherwise we will be literally disconnected.For instance, the introduction of electronic voting machine has forced us to learn how to cast our votes. Many banks have replaced their customer care service people with online service desk which should be known properly by customer to get service.

Second of all, many industries are upgrading the technologies to new versions to survive in this competitive market. If we are relying on these, we need to continuously keep learning. For example, earlier we used email to keep in touch with our friends and extended families. But now it has evolved to Facebook and whatsapp. In future, many jobs in transportation, manufacturing and agriculture will be replaced by robots and artificial intelligence.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that change is always constant and embracing the change is the mantra of life. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and open to learn, unlearn and relearn.

19. Which is major threat? (285 words)

Global climate change is the major threatening issue in this world. Some people think thatthe global terrorism is an important issue and the world countries should counter it, while others argue that the global warming is a global alarming issue to all living things in the planet. I am inclined to believe thatthe global warming is the most dangerous problem than others. The following paragraphs will analyze the root causes and impacts and suggest the measures to curb this issue.

First of all, global climate change is result of human activity. The use of fossil fuels in vehicles and industries results the greenhouse gas emission which increases the global temperature. So the polar ice caps are melting due to the high temperature and that triggers natural calamities such as heavy rainfalls, severe floods and droughts. For example, heavy droughts and sea level increase are the primary reasons for the agriculture production decrease in Australia.

Second of all, the global warming has disrupted the terrestrial ecosystems and many species are in danger of extinction.For example, the extinction of mosaic tailed rat in Australia is a potential loss to our environment. Further, the polar bear and giant panda are listed endangered species. Already the scientists have warned that Australia’s biodiversity will be greatly affected by global warming in future.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the global warming poses serious threat in this planet.Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and they should avoid plastic,implement renewable energy sources and green transport systems to significantly minimize their carbon footprints and make this world a best place to live for their posterity.

20.Parents should be held legally responsible for their children’s acts. What is your opinion? Support it with personal examples. (295 words)

Parenting is a vital role in molding the behaviors of the children. Sometimes kids behave in an unacceptable and unpredictable manner which they might have learnt from their parents.Some people think that parents are responsible for their children’s behaviors, while others argue that parents cannot take responsibility for their children’s attitudes.I am inclined to believe that parents should be held legally responsible for their children’s acts. The following paragraphs will analyze the impacts of kids’ behaviors and suggest the importance of parent’s role in raising their children.

First of all, children are like a sponge, they absorb and imitate everything they observe. Further, they spend more time with their parents in childhood. So mostly they learn language, culture and manners by observing their parents.If parents are having faith andgood habits, their children will become more likely with vision in life and have good habits.For instance, after Thomas Alva Edison’s school teacher called him mentally ill in a letter, Edison’s mother hid the letter from the young inventor and homeschooled him so that he could reach his full potential.

Second of all, aresponsible parenting involves not only taking care of children’s basic needs but also teaching social behavior and discipline to them. Furthermore, parents should take accountability for the damages caused by their children in the society. For example, the leading actor Jackie Chan had taken responsibility for his son’s drug use and apologized to public on behalf of him by telling that he failed to be a good father.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the parents are solely and legally responsiblefor their children’s act.Further, it is expected that the peoplemake cognizance of the fact and teach their children good values and moral responsibilities.

21.Discuss both sides of Space travel vs. current crucial problems faced by human?

Every year, many countries spend billions of dollars for space research. While this research has some hope for the involved scientists, the huge investment in such research is highly questionable, especially in developing and underdeveloped countries. Some people think that it is unnecessary to spend money in space research than dealing with crucial problems such as overpopulation, while others argue that the space research has benefited the society lot. This essay will elaborate on both ideas and come to a logical conclusion.

On one hand, space research brings knowledge, discoveries and improvements in our daily life.It helped tremendously in weather forecasting, education and security of the country. Further the space explorations are being conducted by many countries to research and find the possibility of extra-terrestrial speciesand natural resources in other planets. For instance, NASA has found the evidence of water in Mars and it is conducting further research on it.

On the other hand, people in some countries are still facing crucial problems like overpopulation, lack of food, clean water and electricity. Instead of spending more money in space travel, the developed countries should think morally and ethically to help under developed countries. For example, many people in African countries are sufferingfrom Ebola virus infection, droughtand terrorism and lot of innocent people are dying every year. If US government decides to spend money to help, these devastating problems can be eradicated soon.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the over spending of tax payers’ money to space travel will not improve the quality of human life. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact andurge their government to focus several more urgent issues that need to be funded.

22.Education is only for individual achievements, but some says build a good person to the society(295 words)

Education is to acquire knowledge, skills, habits, values and beliefs. It is necessary to have basic knowledge in this world. Some people think that education is mandatory for individual success, while others argue that it is important to learn moral values and become a good person to the society. I am inclined to believe that education is basic need of individual’s life and it is much important for economic and social development of the society. The following paragraphs will analyze the benefits of education and suggest the importance of educated citizens to the society.

First of all, education provides more economic benefits. Well-educated citizens are better equipped for significant economic production. Employers expect more educated and talented people to take key roles. Better organizational performance leads to stable employment and income that flows back into the community. Stable home prices and a stable business system are other economic benefits. For instance, most developing countries are struggling with high unemployment and are trying to create new jobs to improve their economy.

Second of all, education provides many social benefits. It teaches us moral values, which is required at each and every step of our life. It improves our ability to build successful relationships and cultivate effective parenting skills. It creates awareness of having social and environmental responsibilities that minimizes crime risks in communities. For example, the South African government has conducted a study in developed nations and is planning to implement free education to reduce the high crime rate in the country.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that education is not only essential for individual achievement but also create a better community. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and have good education for the betterment of the society.

23.You are given climate as the field of study. Which area will you prefer? Explain why you picked up the particular area for your study? (277 words)

Global climate change is a major threatening issue affecting all aspects of our life in the world. Therefore, if I was given climate as my field of study, I would like to study the reasons for global climate change issue and solutions to curb them.

First of all, there is a reason for choosing this particular area of study. The global temperature continuously increasing and we have been experiencing the hottest climate throughout the year. Due to the rise in temperature, millions of people are at risk of heavy rainfalls, severe floods, hazardous air pollution, drinking water shortages and droughts. Global warming has disrupted the terrestrial ecosystems and many species are in danger of extinction. For example, the extinction of mosaic tailed rat in Australia is a potential loss to our environment. Because of above mentioned reasons, the issues of climate change must be addressed with a sense of urgency.

Second of all, global warming is a result of human activity. Every single person should contribute in the process of reducing the greenhouse gas emission. For instance, using cycles, car-pooling and public transport instead of private vehicles will gradually reduce the carbon gas emission in air. Further, replacing plastic bags by using cloth bags and minimizing gas and electricity consumption by installing solar energy generation systems will significantly decrease their carbon footprints in the earth.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the roles of individuals are important to combat this global issue. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and should start implementing simple changes in their lives to make this world a better place to live for their posterities.

24.Nowadays TV has become an essential part of life. Medium to spread news, education & awareness and for some it acts like a companion. What is your opinion about this? (290 words)

Television is a mass communication media and is playing significant role in our society. Earlier newspaper and radio were the only source of mass media, but now the mass media TV is equipped with information technology that has accelerated its speed. Some people think that it has strong effect in forming people’s thinking, while others argue that the communication through this media can be ignored and just waste of our time and energy. I am inclined to believe that TV is playing vital role in our life by updating important information and becoming a source of entertainment. The following paragraphs will analyze the impacts of this media and suggest how these impacts can be utilized effectively.

First of all, people can gather news of science, economy, environment and politics through TV from any corner of the world immediately and the potential information help them to develop their knowledge and wealth. For example, the investors and shareholders in share market are relying on suggestions given by international trade analysts on TV to decide about their investment. The politicians are using it for their election campaigns to make people cast their vote in favor of them.

Second of all, it is undeniable that the programs on TV provide good company and entertainment to people who do not work like housewives and retired people. For example, the advertisement programs help them to choose the best option in their lives and serials and dramas provide fun and relaxation to senior citizens.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that people’s life today is tremendously and positively affected by TV. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and they should use TV for the positive impact in their lives.

25. Do you think English will remain to be a global language despite globalization? (295 words)

In this information age, English is the most prevalent language around the world. It is the most preferred language for communication by majority of people. Some people think that other languages such as French, Chinese and Spanish also become popular, while others argue that English is the only dominating international language. I am inclined to believe that English is a universal language in this world. The following paragraphs will analyze the advantages of having it as a common language and suggest that people should know English to become successful in this competitive world.

First of all, due to globalization, people move to other countries for many reasons such as foreign study or employment. Most of the developed nations use English as an official language. So people should have proficiency in English to get an admission in universities or to get a better job. For instance, English speaking countries such as Australia, New Zealand, the UK and the USA prefer people should have proficiency level in internationally recognized English tests to get study or work visa.

Second of all, in this competitive business world, people should be able to understand and speak English fluently. Furthermore, to establish and develop the business, they meet foreign delegates frequently where English is essential to communicate with them. For example, majority of behemoths like Google, Coca Cola, McDonalds and Unilever established in English speaking countries and operate internationally. To trade with them it is necessary to speak in their language which is English.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that having English as a common language has lot of benefits socially as well as economically. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and accept English and globalization will always have a positive correlation.

26. Marketing strategy for big companies should be placed on offer and discounts, and in what ways this can impact on their reputation. (259 words)

In this competitive market, big companies provide offers and discounts on products as one of themarketing strategy to compete with others. Some people think that this is a good way to increase their business volume, while others argue thatthis method will definitely decline their business. This essay will elaborate on both ideas and come to a logical conclusion.

On one hand, companiesmay provide discounts to customers due to a special season, moving outold stock for arrival of new stocks or a business is going out of business.However, these discounts can bring more customer base and keep the company as a shooting star in the market. For instance,due to skyrocketing in sales by heavy discounting, the market value of Tesco in Britain increased in 2012.

On the other hand, the price cut unnecessarily reduces profits. More importantly, deep discounts devalue the business by creating doubt on the quality of the product. Moreover, this may limit the companies’ ability to raise prices as the customers may expect discounts all the time which is impossible. Consequently the customers will move out and the business will automatically go down.For example, due to heavy discounting, Flipkartin India faced huge loss in the market and is struggling to raise fund.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view thatthough offers and discounts increase the sales, companies should also think of its reputation. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and accept companies should have best strategies to retain customers and reputation.

27. Competitive environment in school and university promote excellence. Agree or disagree? (228 words)

Competition is good for children. It opens infinite possibilities to accomplish a task. Some people think that it encourages a student to do the best, while others argue that it can destroy self-esteem and lead to resentment. I am inclined to believe thatcompetition inspires youth to excel in today’s competitive world where they compete for everything be it a job, a partner or a house. The following paragraphs will analyze the importance of competition in academic life and suggest its necessity to create champions in the world.

First of all,competition makes students to be goal oriented and creative.These abilities prepare them for future situation be it studying in college, seeking a promotion at work or achieving great success.For instance,due to the competition with Russians in science and technology, Americans had landed on the moon.

Second of all,competition promotes growth and advances the human civilization.As people compete, they create and the whole world grows as a result. For example,the Cold War between 2 developed nations created some truly remarkable technologies such as faster jets, GPS and internet.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view thatcompetitive spirit in studies keeps students ready to accomplish their dreams and become number one.Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and promote competitive environment in school and university.

28. Should developed nations bear a disproportionate part of the costs involved in fighting Global warming?

Global climate change is a major threatening issue affecting all aspects of our life in the world. Some people think thatthe developed nations should bear a greater responsibility for combating climate change, while others argue that the developing states should take responsibilities to curb them.I am inclined to believe thatthe developed and developing countries are responsible collectively and should make efforts to solve this problem. The following paragraphs will analyze the reasons for natural disasters and suggest the measures to curb them.

First of all, the industrial revolution is main reason for global warming. To boost the economy, the developed countries and developing countries are increasing industries and that causes more greenhouse gas emission in the atmosphere. So this global problem can only be successfully combated if every country puts its efforts and resources fully behind resolving the crisis. For instance, the UN’s Kyoto Protocol had failed due to it had principle that the developed countries should reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and developing nations have no obligations.

Second of all, individuals should understand the importance of protect the environment and put pressure to their government to ensure the regulations are properly enforced. Additionally, the governments should get help from international bodies to tackle this global warming. As an example, the World Bank has announced in the climate change conference at Paris that it would spend 28% of its investment directly on climate change projects such as constructing renewable energy sources, green transport systems and smart agriculture systems.

In conclusion, the foregoing discussion propounds the view that the developed and developing nations equally important to resolve this crisis. Further, it is expected that the people make cognizance of the fact and they should urge their nation to implementthe changes to make this world a best place to live for their posterity.

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