{NEw*Latest}IELTS Reading Practice Test Series 1 | IELTS General Reading With answers

IELTS Reading Practice Test Series 1 | IELTS General Reading

IELTS READING PRACTICE TEST PASSAGE 1

Koalas

A. Koalas are just too nice for their own good. And except for the occasional baby taken by birds of prey, koalas have no natural enemies. In an ideal world, the life of an arboreal couch potato would be perfectly safe and acceptable.

B. Just two hundred years ago, koalas flourished across Australia. Now they seem to be in decline, but exact numbers are not available as the species would not seem to be “under threat”. Their problem, however, has been man, more specifically, the white man. Koala and aborigine had co-existed peacefully for centuries.

C. Today koalas are found only in scattered pockets of southeast Australia, where they seem to be at risk on several fronts. The koala‘s only food source, the eucalyptus tree has declined. In the past 200 years, a third of Australia‘s eucalyptus forests have disappeared. Koalas have been killed by parasites, chlamydia epidemics and a tumor-causing retro-virus. And every year 11000 are killed by cars, ironically most of them in wildlife sanctuaries and thousands are killed by poachers. Some are also taken illegally as pets. The animals usually soon die, but they are easily replaced.

D. Bush fires pose another threat. The horrific ones that raged in New South Wales recently killed between 100 and 1000 koalas. Many that were taken into sanctuaries and shelters were found to have burnt their paws on the glowing embers. But zoologists say that the species should recover. The koalas will be aided by the eucalyptus, which grows quickly and is already burgeoning forth after the fires. So the main problem to their survival is their slow reproductive rate-they produce only one baby a year over a reproductive lifespan of about nine years.

E. The latest problem for the species is perhaps more insidious. With plush, grey fur, dark amber eyes and button nose, koalas are cuddliness incarnate. Australian zoos and wildlife parks have taken advantage of their uncomplaining attitudes, and charge visitors to be photographed hugging the furry bundles. But people may not realize how cruel this is, but because of the koala‘s delicate disposition, constant handling can push an already precariously balanced physiology over the edge.

F. Koalas only eat the foliage of certain species of eucalyptus trees, between 600 and 1250 grams a day. The tough leaves are packed with cellulose tannins, aromatic oils and precursors of toxic cyanides. To handle this cocktail, koalas have a specialized digestive system. Cellulose-digesting bacteria in the caecum break down fibre, while a specially adapted gut and liver process the toxins. To digest their food properly, koalas must sit still for 21 hours every day.

G. Koalas are the epitome of innocence and inoffensiveness. Although they are capable of ripping open a man‘s arm with their needle-sharp claws, or giving a nasty nip, they simply wouldn‘t. If you upset a koala, it may blink or swallow, or hiccup. But attack? No way! Koalas are just not aggressive. They use their claws to grip the hard smooth bark of eucalyptus trees.

H. They are also very sensitive and the slightest upset can prevent them from breeding, cause them to go off their food, and succumb to gut infections. Koalas are stoic creatures and put on a brave face until they are at death‘s door. One day they may appear healthy, the next they could be dead. Captive koalas have to be weighed daily to check that they are feeding properly. A sudden loss of weight is usually the only warning keepers have that their charge is ill. Only two keepers plus a vet were allowed to handle London Zoo‘s koalas, as these creatures are only comfortable with people they know. A request for the koala to be taken to meet the Queen was refused because of the distress this would have caused the marsupial. Sadly, London‘s Zoo no longer has a koala. Two years ago the female koala died of a cancer caused by a retrovirus. When they come into heat, female koalas become more active, and start losing weight, but after about sixteen days, heat ends and the weight piles back on. London‘s koala did not. Surgery revealed hundreds of pea-sized tumors.

I. Almost every zoo in Australia has koalas –the marsupial has become the Animal Ambassador of the nation, but nowhere outside Australia would handling by the public be allowed. Koala cuddling screams in the face of every rule of good care. First, some zoos allow koalas to be passed from stranger to stranger, many children who love to squeeze. Secondly, most people have no idea of how to handle the animals; they like to cling on to their handler, all in their own good time and use his or her arm as a tree. For such reasons, the Association of Fauna and Marine parks, an Australian conservation society is campaigning to ban koala cuddling. Policy on koala handling is determined by state government authorities. And the largest of the numbers in the Australian Nature Conservation Agency, with the aim of instituting national guidelines. Following a wave of publicity, some zoos and wildlife parks have stopped turning their koalas into photo.

Questions 1-5

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D. Write the correct letter in boxes 1- 5 on your answer sheet.

1 The main reason why koala declined is that they are killed EXCEPT FOR

  A by poachers

  B by diseases they got

  C giving too many birth yet survived little

  D accidents on the road

2 What can help koalas fully digest their food?

  A toxic substance in the leaves

  B organs that dissolve the fibres

  C remaining inactive for a period to digest

  D eating eucalyptus trees

3 What would koalas do when facing the dangerous situation?

  A show signs of being offended

  B counter attack furiously

  C use sharp claws to rip the man

  D use claws to grip the bark of trees.

4 In what ways Australian zoos exploit koalas?

  A encourage people to breed koalas as pets

  B allow tourists to hug the koalas

  C put them on the trees as a symbo1

  D establish a koala campaign

5 What would the government do to protect koalas from being endangered?

  A introduce koala protection guidelines

  B close some of the zoos

  C encourage people to resist visiting the zoos

  D persuade the public to learn more knowledge

Questions 6-12

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1? In boxes 6-12 on your answer sheet, write

YES if the statement is true

NO if the statement is false

NOT GIVEN if the information is not given in the passage

6 New coming human settlers caused danger to koalas.

7 Koalas can still be seen in most of the places in Australia.

8 It takes decade for the eucalyptus trees to recover after the fire.

9 Koalas will fight each other when food becomes scarce.

10 It is not easy to notice that koalas are ill.

11 Koalas are easily infected with human contagious disease via cuddling

12 Koalas like to hold a person‘s arm when they are embraced.

Questions 13

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D. Write the correct letter in boxes 13 on your answer sheet. From your opinion this article written by

A a journalist who write for magazine

B a zoo keeper in London Zoo.

C a tourist who traveling back from Australia

D a government official who studies koalas to establish a law

IELTS READING PRACTICE TEST PASSAGE 2

FAIR GAMES?

For seventeen days every four years the world is briefly arrested by the captivating, dizzying spectacle of athleticism, ambition, pride and celebration on display at the Summer Olympic Games. After the last weary spectators and competitors have returned home, however, host cities are often left awash in high debts and costly infrastructure maintenance. The staggering expenses involved in a successful Olympic bid are often assumed to be easily mitigated by tourist revenues and an increase in local employment, but more often than not host cities are short changed and their taxpayers for generations to come are left settling the debt.

Olympic extravagances begin with the application process. Bidding alone will set most cities back about $20 million, and while officially bidding only takes two years (for cities that make the shortlist), most cities can expect to exhaust a decade working on their bid from the moment it is initiated to the announcement of voting results from International Olympic Committee members. Aside from the financial costs of the bid alone, the process ties up real estate in prized urban locations until the outcome is known. This can cost local economies millions of dollars of lost revenue from private developers who could have made use of the land, and can also mean that particular urban quarters lose their vitality due to the vacant lots. All of this can be for nothing if a bidding city does not appease the whims of IOC members – private connections and opinions on government conduct often hold sway (Chicago’s 2012 bid is thought to have been undercut by tensions over U.S. foreign policy).

Bidding costs do not compare, however, to the exorbitant bills that come with hosting the Olympic Games themselves. As is typical with large-scale, one-off projects, budgeting for the Olympics is a notoriously formidable task. Los Angelinos have only recently finished paying off their budget-breaking 1984 Olympics; Montreal is still in debt for its 1976 Games (to add insult to injury, Canada is the only host country to have failed to win a single gold medal during its own Olympics). The tradition of runaway expenses has persisted in recent years. London Olympics managers have admitted that their 2012 costs may increase ten times over their initial projections, leaving tax payers 20 billion pounds in the red.

Hosting the Olympics is often understood to be an excellent way to update a city’s sporting infrastructure. The extensive demands of Olympic sports include aquatic complexes, equestrian circuits, shooting ranges, beach volleyball courts, and, of course, an 80,000 seat athletic stadium. Yet these demands are typically only necessary to accommodate a brief influx of athletes from around the world. Despite the enthusiasm many populations initially have for the development of world-class sporting complexes in their home towns, these complexes typically fall into disuse after the Olympic fervour has waned. Even Australia, home to one of the world’s most sportive populations, has left its taxpayers footing a $32 million-a-year bill for the maintenance of vacant facilities.

Another major concern is that when civic infrastructure developments are undertaken in preparation for hosting the Olympics, these benefits accrue to a single metropolitan centre (with the exception of some outlying areas that may get some revamped sports facilities). In countries with an expansive land mass, this means vast swathes of the population miss out entirely. Furthermore, since the International Olympic Committee favours prosperous “global” centres (the United Kingdom was told, after three failed bids from its provincial cities, that only London stood any real chance at winning), the improvement of public transport, roads and communication links tends to concentrate in places already well-equipped with world-class infrastructures. Perpetually by-passing minor cities creates a cycle of disenfranchisement: these cities never get an injection of capital, they fail to become first-rate candidates, and they are constantly passed over in favour of more secure choices.

Finally, there is no guarantee that an Olympics will be a popular success. The “feel good” factor that most proponents of Olympic bids extol (and that was no doubt driving the 90 to 100 per cent approval rates of Parisians and Londoners for their cities’ respective 2012 bids) can be an elusive phenomenon, and one that is tied to that nation’s standing on the medal tables. This ephemeral thrill cannot compare to the years of disruptive construction projects and security fears that go into preparing for an Olympic Games, nor the decades of debt repayment that follow (Greece’s preparation for Athens 2004 famously deterred tourists from visiting the country due to widespread unease about congestion and disruption).

There are feasible alternatives to the bloat, extravagance and wasteful spending that comes with a modern Olympic Games. One option is to designate a permanent host city that would be re-designed or built from scratch especially for the task. Another is to extend the duration of the Olympics so that it becomes a festival of several months. Local businesses would enjoy the extra spending and congestion would ease substantially as competitors and spectators come and go according to their specific interests. Neither the “Olympic City” nor the extended length options really get to the heart of the issue, however. Stripping away ritual and decorum in favour of concentrating on athletic rivalry would be preferable.

Failing that, the Olympics could simply be scrapped altogether. International competition could still be maintained through world championships in each discipline. Most of these events are already held on non-Olympic years anyway – the International Association of Athletics Federations, for example, has run a biennial World Athletics Championship since 1983 after members decided that using the Olympics for their championship was no longer sufficient. Events of this nature keep world-class competition alive without requiring Olympic-sized expenses.

Questions 14–18
Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A–K, below.
Write the correct letter, A–K, in boxes 14–18 on your answer sheet.

14    Bids to become a host city
15    Personal relationships and political tensions
16    Cost estimates for the Olympic Games
17    Purpose-built sporting venues
18   Urban developments associated with the Olympics

A    often help smaller cities to develop basic infrastructure.
B    tend to occur in areas where they are least needed.
C    require profitable companies to be put out of business.
D    are often never used again once the Games are over.
E    can take up to ten years to complete.
F    also satisfy needs of local citizens for first-rate sports facilities.
G    is usually only successful when it is from a capital city.
H    are closely related to how people feel emotionally about the Olympics.
I     are known for being very inaccurate.
J    often underlie the decisions of International Olympic Committee members.
K    are holding back efforts to reform the Olympics.

Questions 19–25
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2?
In boxes 19–25 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE    if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE    if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN    if there is no information on this

19    Residents of host cities have little use for the full range of Olympic facilities.
20    Australians have still not paid for the construction of Olympic sports facilities.
21    People far beyond the host city can expect to benefit from improved infrastructure.
22    It is difficult for small cities to win an Olympic bid.
23    When a city makes an Olympic bid, a majority of its citizens usually want it to win.
24    Whether or not people enjoy hosting the Olympics in their city depends on how athletes from their country perform in Olympic events.
25    Fewer people than normal visited Greece during the run up to the Athens Olympics.

Questions 26 and 27
Choose TWO letters, A–E.
Write the correct letters in boxes 26 and 27 on your answer sheet.

Which TWO of the following does the author propose as alternatives to the current
Olympics?

A    The Olympics should be cancelled in favour of individual competitions for each sport.
B    The Olympics should focus on ceremony rather than competition.
C    The Olympics should be held in the same city every time.
D    The Olympics should be held over a month rather than seventeen days.
E    The Olympics should be made smaller by getting rid of unnecessary and unpopular sports.

IELTS READING PRACTICE TEST PASSAGE 3

Time Travel

Time travel took a small step away from science fiction and toward science recently when physicists discovered that sub-atomic particles known as neutrinos – progeny of the sun’s radioactive debris – can exceed the speed of light. The unassuming particle – it is electrically neutral, small but with a “non-zero mass” and able to penetrate the human form undetected – is on its way to becoming a rock star of the scientific world.

Researchers from the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva sent the neutrinos hurtling through an underground corridor toward their colleagues at the Oscillation Project with Emulsion-Tracing Apparatus (OPERA) team 730 kilometres away in Gran Sasso, Italy. The neutrinos arrived promptly – so promptly, in fact, that they triggered what scientists are calling the unthinkable – that everything they have learnt, known or taught stemming from the last one hundred years of the physics discipline may need to be reconsidered.

The issue at stake is a tiny segment of time – precisely sixty nanoseconds (which is sixty billionths of a second). This is how much faster than the speed of light the neutrinos managed to go in their underground travels and at a consistent rate (15,000 neutrinos were sent over three years). Even allowing for a margin of error of ten billionths of a second, this stands as proof that it is possible to race against light and win. The duration of the experiment also accounted for and ruled out any possible lunar effects or tidal bulges in the earth’s crust.

Nevertheless, there’s plenty of reason to remain sceptical. According to Harvard University science historian Peter Galison, Einstein’s relativity theory has been “pushed harder than any theory in the history of the physical sciences”. Yet each prior challenge has come to no avail, and relativity has so far refused to buckle.

So is time travel just around the corner? The prospect has certainly been wrenched much closer to the realm of possibility now that a major physical hurdle – the speed of light – has been cleared. If particles can travel faster than light, in theory travelling back in time is possible. How anyone harnesses that to some kind of helpful end is far beyond the scope of any modern technologies, however, and will be left to future generations to explore.

Certainly, any prospective time travellers may have to overcome more physical and logical hurdles than merely overtaking the speed of light. One such problem, posited by René Barjavel in his 1943 text Le Voyageur Imprudent is the socalled grandfather paradox. Barjavel theorised that, if it were possible to go back in time, a time traveller could potentially kill his own grandfather. If this were to happen, however, the time traveller himself would not be born, which is already known to be true. In other words, there is a paradox in circumventing an already known future; time travel is able to facilitate past actions that mean time travel itself cannot occur.

Other possible routes have been offered, though. For Igor Novikov, astrophysicist behind the 1980s’ theorem known as the self-consistency principle, time travel is possible within certain boundaries. Novikov argued that any event causing a paradox would have zero probability. It would be possible, however, to “affect” rather than “change” historical outcomes if travelers avoided all inconsistencies. Averting the sinking of the Titanic, for example, would revoke any future imperative to stop it from sinking – it would be impossible. Saving selected passengers from the water and replacing them with realistic corpses would not be impossible, however, as the historical record would not be altered in any way.

A further possibility is that of parallel universes. Popularized by Bryce Seligman DeWitt in the 1960s (from the seminal formulation of Hugh Everett), the many-worlds interpretation holds that an alternative pathway for every conceivable occurrence actually exists. If we were to send someone back in time, we might therefore expect never to see him again – any alterations would divert that person down a new historical trajectory.

A final hypothesis, one of unidentified provenance, reroutes itself quite efficiently around the grandfather paradox. Non-existence theory suggests exactly that – a person would quite simply never exist if they altered their ancestry in ways that obstructed their own birth. They would still exist in person upon returning to the present, but any chain reactions associated with their actions would not be registered. Their “historical identity” would be gone.

So, will humans one day step across the same boundary that the neutrinos have? World-renowned astrophysicist Stephen Hawking believes that once spaceships can exceed the speed of light, humans could feasibly travel millions of years into the future in order to repopulate earth in the event of a forthcoming apocalypse. This is because, as the spaceships accelerate into the future, time would slow down around them (Hawking concedes that bygone eras are off limits – this would violate the fundamental rule that cause comes before effect).

Hawking is therefore reserved yet optimistic. “Time travel was once considered scientific heresy, and I used to avoid talking about it for fear of being labelled a crank. These days I’m not so cautious.”

Questions 28–33
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 3?
In boxes 28–33 on your answer sheet, write
TRUE    if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE    if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN    if there is no information on this

28    It is unclear where neutrinos come from.
29    Neutrinos can pass through a person’s body without causing harm.
30    It took scientists between 50-70 nanoseconds to send the neutrinos from Geneva to Italy.
31    Researchers accounted for effects the moon might have had on the experiment.
32    The theory of relativity has often been called into question unsuccessfully.

33    This experiment could soon lead to some practical uses for time travel.

Questions 34–39
Complete the table below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 34–39 on your answer sheet.

Original Theorist Theory Principle
René Barjavel Grandfather
paradox
Time travel would allow for
34 …………… that would actually make
time travel impossible.
Igor Novikov Self-consistency
principle
It is only possible to alter history in ways
that result in no 35 ………………… .
36 ……………… Many-worlds
interpretation
Each possible event has an
37 …………………, so a time traveller
changing the past would simply end up in
a different branch of history than the one
he left.
Unknown 38 ……………… If a time traveller changed the past to
prevent his future life, he would not have
39 ………………… as the
person never existed.

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Question 40
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in box 40 on your answer sheet.

Stephen Hawking has stated that
A    Human time travel is theoretically possible, but is unlikely to ever actually occur.
B    Human time travel might be possible, but only moving backward in time.
C    Human time travel might be possible, but only moving forward in time.
D    All time travel is impossible.

ANSWERS:

KEY

1. C

2. C

3. A

4. B

5. A

6. YES

7. NO

8. NO

9. NOT GIVEN

10. YES

11. NOT GIVEN

12. YES

13. A

14. E
15. J
16. I
17. D
18. B
19. TRUE
20. NOT GIVEN
21. FALSE
22. TRUE
23. NOT GIVEN
24. TRUE
25. TRUE
26.&27. A , C (in either order)

28. FALSE
29. TRUE
30. NOT GIVEN
31. TRUE
32. TRUE
33. FALSE
34. past actions
35. inconsistencies
36. Hugh Everett
37. alternative pathway
38. non-existence theory
39. historical identity
40. C

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